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``````/// Converts an iterator of tuples into a tuple of containers.
///
/// `unzip()` consumes an entire iterator of n-ary tuples, producing `n` collections, one for each
/// column.
///
/// This function is, in some sense, the opposite of [`multizip`].
///
/// ```
/// use itertools::multiunzip;
///
/// let inputs = vec![(1, 2, 3), (4, 5, 6), (7, 8, 9)];
///
/// let (a, b, c): (Vec<_>, Vec<_>, Vec<_>) = multiunzip(inputs);
///
/// assert_eq!(a, vec![1, 4, 7]);
/// assert_eq!(b, vec![2, 5, 8]);
/// assert_eq!(c, vec![3, 6, 9]);
/// ```
///
/// [`multizip`]: crate::multizip
pub fn multiunzip<FromI, I>(i: I) -> FromI
where
I: IntoIterator,
I::IntoIter: MultiUnzip<FromI>,
{
i.into_iter().multiunzip()
}

/// An iterator that can be unzipped into multiple collections.
///
/// See [`.multiunzip()`](crate::Itertools::multiunzip) for more information.
pub trait MultiUnzip<FromI>: Iterator {
/// Unzip this iterator into multiple collections.
fn multiunzip(self) -> FromI;
}

macro_rules! impl_unzip_iter {
(\$(\$T:ident => \$FromT:ident),*) => (
#[allow(non_snake_case)]
impl<IT: Iterator<Item = (\$(\$T,)*)>, \$(\$T, \$FromT: Default + Extend<\$T>),* > MultiUnzip<(\$(\$FromT,)*)> for IT {
fn multiunzip(self) -> (\$(\$FromT,)*) {
// This implementation mirrors the logic of Iterator::unzip resp. Extend for (A, B) as close as possible.
// Unfortunately a lot of the used api there is still unstable (https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/72631).
//
// Iterator::unzip: https://doc.rust-lang.org/src/core/iter/traits/iterator.rs.html#2825-2865
// Extend for (A, B): https://doc.rust-lang.org/src/core/iter/traits/collect.rs.html#370-411

let mut res = (\$(\$FromT::default(),)*);
let (\$(\$FromT,)*) = &mut res;

// Still unstable #72631
// let (lower_bound, _) = self.size_hint();
// if lower_bound > 0 {
//     \$(\$FromT.extend_reserve(lower_bound);)*
// }

self.fold((), |(), (\$(\$T,)*)| {
// Still unstable #72631
// \$( \$FromT.extend_one(\$T); )*
\$( \$FromT.extend(std::iter::once(\$T)); )*
});
res
}
}
);
}

impl_unzip_iter!();
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD, E => FromE);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD, E => FromE, F => FromF);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD, E => FromE, F => FromF, G => FromG);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD, E => FromE, F => FromF, G => FromG, H => FromH);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD, E => FromE, F => FromF, G => FromG, H => FromH, I => FromI);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD, E => FromE, F => FromF, G => FromG, H => FromH, I => FromI, J => FromJ);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD, E => FromE, F => FromF, G => FromG, H => FromH, I => FromI, J => FromJ, K => FromK);
impl_unzip_iter!(A => FromA, B => FromB, C => FromC, D => FromD, E => FromE, F => FromF, G => FromG, H => FromH, I => FromI, J => FromJ, K => FromK, L => FromL);
``````