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// Copyright Materialize, Inc. and contributors. All rights reserved.
//
// Use of this software is governed by the Business Source License
// included in the LICENSE file.
//
// As of the Change Date specified in that file, in accordance with
// the Business Source License, use of this software will be governed
// by the Apache License, Version 2.0.

use std::error::Error;
use std::fmt::{self, Debug, Display};

use itertools::Itertools;
use mz_persist_types::codec_impls::UnitSchema;
use mz_persist_types::columnar::Data;
use mz_persist_types::dyn_struct::DynStruct;
use mz_persist_types::stats::{PartStats, StructStats};
use mz_persist_types::txn::{TxnsCodec, TxnsEntry};
use mz_persist_types::{PersistLocation, ShardId};
use mz_proto::{IntoRustIfSome, RustType, TryFromProtoError};
use mz_repr::{Datum, GlobalId, RelationDesc, Row, ScalarType};
use mz_sql_parser::ast::UnresolvedItemName;
use mz_timely_util::antichain::AntichainExt;
use proptest_derive::Arbitrary;
use serde::{Deserialize, Serialize};
use timely::progress::Antichain;
use tracing::error;

use crate::errors::DataflowError;
use crate::instances::StorageInstanceId;
use crate::sources::SourceData;

include!(concat!(env!("OUT_DIR"), "/mz_storage_types.controller.rs"));

/// Metadata required by a storage instance to read a storage collection
#[derive(Arbitrary, Clone, Debug, PartialEq, Eq, Serialize, Deserialize)]
pub struct CollectionMetadata {
    /// The persist location where the shards are located.
    pub persist_location: PersistLocation,
    /// The persist shard id of the remap collection used to reclock this collection.
    pub remap_shard: Option<ShardId>,
    /// The persist shard containing the contents of this storage collection.
    pub data_shard: ShardId,
    /// The persist shard containing the status updates for this storage collection.
    pub status_shard: Option<ShardId>,
    /// The `RelationDesc` that describes the contents of the `data_shard`.
    pub relation_desc: RelationDesc,
    /// The shard id of the txn-wal shard, if `self.data_shard` is managed
    /// by the txn-wal system, or None if it's not.
    pub txns_shard: Option<ShardId>,
}

impl crate::AlterCompatible for CollectionMetadata {
    fn alter_compatible(
        &self,
        id: mz_repr::GlobalId,
        other: &Self,
    ) -> Result<(), self::AlterError> {
        if self == other {
            return Ok(());
        }

        let CollectionMetadata {
            // persist locations may change (though not as a result of ALTER);
            // we allow this because if this changes unexpectedly, we will
            // notice in other ways.
            persist_location: _,
            remap_shard,
            data_shard,
            status_shard,
            relation_desc,
            txns_shard,
        } = self;

        let compatibility_checks = [
            (remap_shard == &other.remap_shard, "remap_shard"),
            (data_shard == &other.data_shard, "data_shard"),
            (status_shard == &other.status_shard, "status_shard"),
            (relation_desc == &other.relation_desc, "relation_desc"),
            (txns_shard == &other.txns_shard, "txns_shard"),
        ];

        for (compatible, field) in compatibility_checks {
            if !compatible {
                tracing::warn!(
                    "CollectionMetadata incompatible at {field}:\nself:\n{:#?}\n\nother\n{:#?}",
                    self,
                    other
                );

                return Err(AlterError { id });
            }
        }

        Ok(())
    }
}

impl RustType<ProtoCollectionMetadata> for CollectionMetadata {
    fn into_proto(&self) -> ProtoCollectionMetadata {
        ProtoCollectionMetadata {
            blob_uri: self.persist_location.blob_uri.clone(),
            consensus_uri: self.persist_location.consensus_uri.clone(),
            data_shard: self.data_shard.to_string(),
            remap_shard: self.remap_shard.map(|s| s.to_string()),
            status_shard: self.status_shard.map(|s| s.to_string()),
            relation_desc: Some(self.relation_desc.into_proto()),
            txns_shard: self.txns_shard.map(|x| x.to_string()),
        }
    }

    fn from_proto(value: ProtoCollectionMetadata) -> Result<Self, TryFromProtoError> {
        Ok(CollectionMetadata {
            persist_location: PersistLocation {
                blob_uri: value.blob_uri,
                consensus_uri: value.consensus_uri,
            },
            remap_shard: value
                .remap_shard
                .map(|s| s.parse().map_err(TryFromProtoError::InvalidShardId))
                .transpose()?,
            data_shard: value
                .data_shard
                .parse()
                .map_err(TryFromProtoError::InvalidShardId)?,
            status_shard: value
                .status_shard
                .map(|s| s.parse().map_err(TryFromProtoError::InvalidShardId))
                .transpose()?,
            relation_desc: value
                .relation_desc
                .into_rust_if_some("ProtoCollectionMetadata::relation_desc")?,
            txns_shard: value
                .txns_shard
                .map(|s| s.parse().map_err(TryFromProtoError::InvalidShardId))
                .transpose()?,
        })
    }
}

/// The subset of [`CollectionMetadata`] that must be durable stored.
#[derive(Arbitrary, Clone, Debug, PartialEq, PartialOrd, Ord, Eq, Serialize, Deserialize)]
pub struct DurableCollectionMetadata {
    pub data_shard: ShardId,
}

impl RustType<ProtoDurableCollectionMetadata> for DurableCollectionMetadata {
    fn into_proto(&self) -> ProtoDurableCollectionMetadata {
        ProtoDurableCollectionMetadata {
            data_shard: self.data_shard.to_string(),
        }
    }

    fn from_proto(value: ProtoDurableCollectionMetadata) -> Result<Self, TryFromProtoError> {
        Ok(DurableCollectionMetadata {
            data_shard: value
                .data_shard
                .parse()
                .map_err(TryFromProtoError::InvalidShardId)?,
        })
    }
}

#[derive(Debug)]
pub enum StorageError<T> {
    /// The source identifier was re-created after having been dropped,
    /// or installed with a different description.
    SourceIdReused(GlobalId),
    /// The sink identifier was re-created after having been dropped, or
    /// installed with a different description.
    SinkIdReused(GlobalId),
    /// The source identifier is not present.
    IdentifierMissing(GlobalId),
    /// The provided identifier was invalid, maybe missing, wrong type, not registered, etc.
    IdentifierInvalid(GlobalId),
    /// The update contained in the appended batch was at a timestamp equal or beyond the batch's upper
    UpdateBeyondUpper(GlobalId),
    /// The read was at a timestamp before the collection's since
    ReadBeforeSince(GlobalId),
    /// The expected upper of one or more appends was different from the actual upper of the collection
    InvalidUppers(Vec<InvalidUpper<T>>),
    /// The (client for) the requested cluster instance is missing.
    IngestionInstanceMissing {
        storage_instance_id: StorageInstanceId,
        ingestion_id: GlobalId,
    },
    /// The (client for) the requested cluster instance is missing.
    ExportInstanceMissing {
        storage_instance_id: StorageInstanceId,
        export_id: GlobalId,
    },
    /// Dataflow was not able to process a request
    DataflowError(DataflowError),
    /// Response to an invalid/unsupported `ALTER..` command.
    InvalidAlter(AlterError),
    /// The controller API was used in some invalid way. This usually indicates
    /// a bug.
    InvalidUsage(String),
    /// The specified resource was exhausted, and is not currently accepting more requests.
    ResourceExhausted(&'static str),
    /// The specified component is shutting down.
    ShuttingDown(&'static str),
    /// Collection metadata already exists for ID.
    CollectionMetadataAlreadyExists(GlobalId),
    /// Some other collection is already writing to this persist shard.
    PersistShardAlreadyInUse(String),
    /// Txn WAL shard already exists.
    TxnWalShardAlreadyExists,
    /// The item that a subsource refers to is unexpectedly missing from the
    /// source.
    MissingSubsourceReference {
        ingestion_id: GlobalId,
        reference: UnresolvedItemName,
    },
    /// We failed to determine the real-time-recency timestamp.
    RtrTimeout(GlobalId),
    /// The collection was dropped before we could ingest its external frontier.
    RtrDropFailure(GlobalId),
    /// A generic error that happens during operations of the storage controller.
    // TODO(aljoscha): Get rid of this!
    Generic(anyhow::Error),
}

impl<T: Debug + Display + 'static> Error for StorageError<T> {
    fn source(&self) -> Option<&(dyn Error + 'static)> {
        match self {
            Self::SourceIdReused(_) => None,
            Self::SinkIdReused(_) => None,
            Self::IdentifierMissing(_) => None,
            Self::IdentifierInvalid(_) => None,
            Self::UpdateBeyondUpper(_) => None,
            Self::ReadBeforeSince(_) => None,
            Self::InvalidUppers(_) => None,
            Self::IngestionInstanceMissing { .. } => None,
            Self::ExportInstanceMissing { .. } => None,
            Self::DataflowError(err) => Some(err),
            Self::InvalidAlter { .. } => None,
            Self::InvalidUsage(_) => None,
            Self::ResourceExhausted(_) => None,
            Self::ShuttingDown(_) => None,
            Self::CollectionMetadataAlreadyExists(_) => None,
            Self::PersistShardAlreadyInUse(_) => None,
            Self::TxnWalShardAlreadyExists => None,
            Self::MissingSubsourceReference { .. } => None,
            Self::RtrTimeout(_) => None,
            Self::RtrDropFailure(_) => None,
            Self::Generic(err) => err.source(),
        }
    }
}

impl<T: fmt::Display + 'static> fmt::Display for StorageError<T> {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        f.write_str("storage error: ")?;
        match self {
            Self::SourceIdReused(id) => write!(
                f,
                "source identifier was re-created after having been dropped: {id}"
            ),
            Self::SinkIdReused(id) => write!(
                f,
                "sink identifier was re-created after having been dropped: {id}"
            ),
            Self::IdentifierMissing(id) => write!(f, "collection identifier is not present: {id}"),
            Self::IdentifierInvalid(id) => write!(f, "collection identifier is invalid {id}"),
            Self::UpdateBeyondUpper(id) => {
                write!(
                    f,
                    "append batch for {id} contained update at or beyond its upper"
                )
            }
            Self::ReadBeforeSince(id) => {
                write!(f, "read for {id} was at a timestamp before its since")
            }
            Self::InvalidUppers(id) => {
                write!(
                    f,
                    "expected upper was different from the actual upper for: {}",
                    id.iter()
                        .map(|InvalidUpper { id, current_upper }| {
                            format!("(id: {}; actual upper: {})", id, current_upper.pretty())
                        })
                        .join(", ")
                )
            }
            Self::IngestionInstanceMissing {
                storage_instance_id,
                ingestion_id,
            } => write!(
                f,
                "instance {} missing for ingestion {}",
                storage_instance_id, ingestion_id
            ),
            Self::ExportInstanceMissing {
                storage_instance_id,
                export_id,
            } => write!(
                f,
                "instance {} missing for export {}",
                storage_instance_id, export_id
            ),
            // N.B. For these errors, the underlying error is reported in `source()`, and it
            // is the responsibility of the caller to print the chain of errors, when desired.
            Self::DataflowError(_err) => write!(f, "dataflow failed to process request",),
            Self::InvalidAlter(err) => std::fmt::Display::fmt(err, f),
            Self::InvalidUsage(err) => write!(f, "invalid usage: {}", err),
            Self::ResourceExhausted(rsc) => write!(f, "{rsc} is exhausted"),
            Self::ShuttingDown(cmp) => write!(f, "{cmp} is shutting down"),
            Self::CollectionMetadataAlreadyExists(key) => {
                write!(f, "storage metadata for '{key}' already exists")
            }
            Self::PersistShardAlreadyInUse(shard) => {
                write!(f, "persist shard already in use: {shard}")
            }
            Self::TxnWalShardAlreadyExists => {
                write!(f, "txn WAL already exists")
            }
            Self::MissingSubsourceReference {
                ingestion_id,
                reference,
            } => write!(
                f,
                "ingestion {ingestion_id} unexpectedly missing reference to {}",
                reference
            ),
            Self::RtrTimeout(_) => {
                write!(f, "timed out before ingesting the source's visible frontier when real-time-recency query issued")
            }
            Self::RtrDropFailure(_) => write!(
                f,
                "real-time source dropped before ingesting the upstream system's visible frontier"
            ),
            Self::Generic(err) => std::fmt::Display::fmt(err, f),
        }
    }
}

#[derive(Debug, Clone)]
pub struct InvalidUpper<T> {
    pub id: GlobalId,
    pub current_upper: Antichain<T>,
}

#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct AlterError {
    pub id: GlobalId,
}

impl Error for AlterError {}

impl fmt::Display for AlterError {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        write!(f, "{} cannot be altered in the requested way", self.id)
    }
}

impl<T> From<AlterError> for StorageError<T> {
    fn from(error: AlterError) -> Self {
        Self::InvalidAlter(error)
    }
}

impl<T> From<DataflowError> for StorageError<T> {
    fn from(error: DataflowError) -> Self {
        Self::DataflowError(error)
    }
}

#[derive(Clone, Copy, Debug, PartialEq, num_enum::IntoPrimitive)]
#[repr(u64)]
pub enum TxnWalTablesImpl {
    Eager = 1,
    Lazy = 2,
}

impl std::fmt::Display for TxnWalTablesImpl {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        match self {
            TxnWalTablesImpl::Eager => f.write_str("eager"),
            TxnWalTablesImpl::Lazy => f.write_str("lazy"),
        }
    }
}

impl std::str::FromStr for TxnWalTablesImpl {
    type Err = Box<(dyn std::error::Error + Send + Sync + 'static)>;

    fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Err> {
        match s {
            "off" | "eager" => Ok(TxnWalTablesImpl::Eager),
            "lazy" => Ok(TxnWalTablesImpl::Lazy),
            _ => Err(s.into()),
        }
    }
}

impl TryFrom<u64> for TxnWalTablesImpl {
    type Error = u64;

    fn try_from(value: u64) -> Result<Self, Self::Error> {
        match value {
            0 | 1 => Ok(TxnWalTablesImpl::Eager),
            2 => Ok(TxnWalTablesImpl::Lazy),
            _ => Err(value),
        }
    }
}

#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct TxnsCodecRow;

impl TxnsCodecRow {
    pub fn desc() -> RelationDesc {
        RelationDesc::empty()
            .with_column("shard_id", ScalarType::String.nullable(false))
            .with_column("ts", ScalarType::UInt64.nullable(false))
            .with_column("batch", ScalarType::Bytes.nullable(true))
    }
}

impl TxnsCodec for TxnsCodecRow {
    type Key = SourceData;
    type Val = ();

    fn schemas() -> (
        <Self::Key as mz_persist_types::Codec>::Schema,
        <Self::Val as mz_persist_types::Codec>::Schema,
    ) {
        (Self::desc(), UnitSchema)
    }

    fn encode(e: TxnsEntry) -> (Self::Key, Self::Val) {
        let row = match &e {
            TxnsEntry::Register(data_id, ts) => Row::pack([
                Datum::from(data_id.to_string().as_str()),
                Datum::from(u64::from_le_bytes(*ts)),
                Datum::Null,
            ]),
            TxnsEntry::Append(data_id, ts, batch) => Row::pack([
                Datum::from(data_id.to_string().as_str()),
                Datum::from(u64::from_le_bytes(*ts)),
                Datum::from(batch.as_slice()),
            ]),
        };
        (SourceData(Ok(row)), ())
    }

    fn decode(row: SourceData, _: ()) -> TxnsEntry {
        let mut datums = row.0.as_ref().expect("valid entry").iter();
        let data_id = datums.next().expect("valid entry").unwrap_str();
        let data_id = data_id.parse::<ShardId>().expect("valid entry");
        let ts = datums.next().expect("valid entry");
        let ts = u64::to_le_bytes(ts.unwrap_uint64());
        let batch = datums.next().expect("valid entry");
        assert!(datums.next().is_none());
        if batch.is_null() {
            TxnsEntry::Register(data_id, ts)
        } else {
            TxnsEntry::Append(data_id, ts, batch.unwrap_bytes().to_vec())
        }
    }

    fn should_fetch_part(data_id: &ShardId, stats: &PartStats) -> Option<bool> {
        fn col<'a, T: Data>(stats: &'a StructStats, col: &str) -> Option<&'a T::Stats> {
            stats
                .col::<T>(col)
                .map_err(|err| error!("unexpected stats type for col {}: {}", col, err))
                .ok()?
        }
        let stats = col::<Option<DynStruct>>(&stats.key, "ok")?;
        let stats = col::<String>(&stats.some, "shard_id")?;
        let data_id_str = data_id.to_string();
        Some(stats.lower <= data_id_str && stats.upper >= data_id_str)
    }
}