Crate clap

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Expand description

Command Line Argument Parser for Rust

Quick Links:

  • Derive [tutorial][_derive::_tutorial] and [reference][_derive]
  • Builder [tutorial][_tutorial] and reference
  • [Cookbook][_cookbook]
  • [FAQ][_faq]
  • Discussions

Aspirations

  • Out of the box, users get a polished CLI experience
    • Including common argument behavior, help generation, suggested fixes for users, colored output, shell completions, etc
  • Flexible enough to port your existing CLI interface
    • However, we won’t necessarily streamline support for each use case
  • Reasonable parse performance
  • Resilient maintainership, including
    • Willing to break compatibility rather than batching up breaking changes in large releases
    • Leverage feature flags to keep to one active branch
    • Being under WG-CLI to increase the bus factor
  • We follow semver and will wait about 6-9 months between major breaking changes
  • We will support the last two minor Rust releases (MSRV, currently 1.56.1)

While these aspirations can be at odds with fast build times and low binary size, we will still strive to keep these reasonable for the flexibility you get. Check out the argparse-benchmarks for CLI parsers optimized for other use cases.

Example

Run

$ cargo add clap --features derive

(See also [feature flag reference][_features])

Then define your CLI in main.rs:

use clap::Parser;

/// Simple program to greet a person
#[derive(Parser, Debug)]
#[clap(author, version, about, long_about = None)]
struct Args {
   /// Name of the person to greet
   #[clap(short, long, value_parser)]
   name: String,

   /// Number of times to greet
   #[clap(short, long, value_parser, default_value_t = 1)]
   count: u8,
}

fn main() {
   let args = Args::parse();

   for _ in 0..args.count {
       println!("Hello {}!", args.name)
   }
}

And try it out:

$ demo --help
clap [..]
A simple to use, efficient, and full-featured Command Line Argument Parser

USAGE:
    demo[EXE] [OPTIONS] --name <NAME>

OPTIONS:
    -c, --count <COUNT>    Number of times to greet [default: 1]
    -h, --help             Print help information
    -n, --name <NAME>      Name of the person to greet
    -V, --version          Print version information

$ demo --name Me
Hello Me!

(version number and .exe extension on windows replaced by placeholders)

See also the derive [tutorial][_derive::_tutorial] and [reference][_derive]

Augment clap:

  • wild for supporting wildcards (*) on Windows like you do Linux
  • argfile for loading additional arguments from a file (aka response files)
  • shadow-rs for generating Command::long_version
  • clap_mangen for generating man page source (roff)
  • clap_complete for shell completion support

CLI Helpers

Testing

Documentation:

Re-exports

Modules

Macros

Enums

  • Represents the color preferences for program output

Traits

Derive Macros