Struct tokio::sync::futures::Notified

source ·
pub struct Notified<'a> { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

Future returned from Notify::notified().

This future is fused, so once it has completed, any future calls to poll will immediately return Poll::Ready.


Adds this future to the list of futures that are ready to receive wakeups from calls to notify_one.

Polling the future also adds it to the list, so this method should only be used if you want to add the future to the list before the first call to poll. (In fact, this method is equivalent to calling poll except that no Waker is registered.)

This has no effect on notifications sent using notify_waiters, which are received as long as they happen after the creation of the Notified regardless of whether enable or poll has been called.

This method returns true if the Notified is ready. This happens in the following situations:

  1. The notify_waiters method was called between the creation of the Notified and the call to this method.
  2. This is the first call to enable or poll on this future, and the Notify was holding a permit from a previous call to notify_one. The call consumes the permit in that case.
  3. The future has previously been enabled or polled, and it has since then been marked ready by either consuming a permit from the Notify, or by a call to notify_one or notify_waiters that removed it from the list of futures ready to receive wakeups.

If this method returns true, any future calls to poll on the same future will immediately return Poll::Ready.


Unbound multi-producer multi-consumer (mpmc) channel.

The call to enable is important because otherwise if you have two calls to recv and two calls to send in parallel, the following could happen:

  1. Both calls to try_recv return None.
  2. Both new elements are added to the vector.
  3. The notify_one method is called twice, adding only a single permit to the Notify.
  4. Both calls to recv reach the Notified future. One of them consumes the permit, and the other sleeps forever.

By adding the Notified futures to the list by calling enable before try_recv, the notify_one calls in step three would remove the futures from the list and mark them notified instead of adding a permit to the Notify. This ensures that both futures are woken.

use tokio::sync::Notify;

use std::collections::VecDeque;
use std::sync::Mutex;

struct Channel<T> {
    messages: Mutex<VecDeque<T>>,
    notify_on_sent: Notify,

impl<T> Channel<T> {
    pub fn send(&self, msg: T) {
        let mut locked_queue = self.messages.lock().unwrap();

        // Send a notification to one of the calls currently
        // waiting in a call to `recv`.

    pub fn try_recv(&self) -> Option<T> {
        let mut locked_queue = self.messages.lock().unwrap();

    pub async fn recv(&self) -> T {
        let future = self.notify_on_sent.notified();

        loop {
            // Make sure that no wakeup is lost if we get
            // `None` from `try_recv`.

            if let Some(msg) = self.try_recv() {
                return msg;

            // Wait for a call to `notify_one`.
            // This uses `.as_mut()` to avoid consuming the future,
            // which lets us call `Pin::set` below.

            // Reset the future in case another call to
            // `try_recv` got the message before us.

Trait Implementations§

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The type of value produced on completion.
Attempt to resolve the future to a final value, registering the current task for wakeup if the value is not yet available. Read more

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